lundi 9 juin 2014
For the first time, a computer has passed the Turing test
A computer program was able for a scientific exchange texts pretending to be a 13 year old boy test. This is a milestone in the history of computing and even technology and science. For the first time, a computer program was able to fool researchers posing as a 13 year old boy named Eugene Goostman. By passing this, a computer was able to pass the famous Alan Turing test in 1950 designed to measure the ability of a machine to "think." The test is wrong at least 30% of human judges in 5 minutes through exchanges of texts. Until today no machine had never passed the test.Eugene Goostman was created by a team of Russian computer and passed a test organized by the British University of Reading. He got 33%. "Our main idea was that he knew he could say anything, but his age was perfectly plausible that he did not know everything," says Vladimir Veselov, one of the creators of the program. "We spent a lot of time developing a character with a plausible personality," he adds."Having a computer can fool a human and lead them to think that someone or something is even a person in whom we trust and an alarm signal on cybercrime," said the newspaper The Independent Kevin Warwick professor at the University of Reading. "The Turing test is an essential tool to combat this threat," he adds.The test was held Saturday, June 7 by the Royal Society and placed in competition 5 programs. Including judges included Lord Sharkey who led the successful campaign for the rehabilitation and pardon Alan Turing was finally granted last year posthumously.This British mathematician died there 60 years in 1954 is considered the father of computer science. Celebrated every year since 1966, with an award bearing his name, which is the Nobel Prize of Computing, he was persecuted because of his homosexuality, humiliated and driven to suicide.It was however one of unsung heroes of the Second World War. According to historians, his work has just been reduced by about two years the resilience of the Nazi regime. Assisted by Polish scientific research, he managed to break the formulas including encryption Enigma encryption machine used by the German army for its secret communications.Alan Turing created the test in 1950 that bears his name because it is particularly difficult to define what thinking more from a machine. What matters in this test is the ability of a machine to imitate and reproduce the pattern of thought of a human that became one of the goals of artificial intelligence.